ho were the Bloomsbury set ?
"The nucleus of this group of friends had been formed at Cambridge,
at the turn of the century, Most of them were undergraduates at
Trinity or King's College. All were outstanding intellectually,
and many of them belonged to the secret Cambridge intellectual society,
which had already existed for several generations, called "The
Apostles". They shared, or came to share, certain attitudes
to life, to thought and to artistic creation largely derived from
their near-contemporary and friend, the philosopher G.E.Moore. His
Principia Ethica influenced all of them, not only while they
were at Cambridge, but in fact for the remainder of their lives.
Colin de la Motte-Sherman
Several of these friends were to become famous in later years,
notably Lytton Strachey as iconoclastic biographer of Eminent
Victorians and Queen Victoria; Clive Bell as an eminent
critic and (with Roger Fry, who only became associated with the
group in 1910) impresario of the Post-Impressionist painters of
the "School of Paris" in England; J.M.(Maynard) Keynes
- later Lord Keynes - as revolutionary economist of world-wide renown;
and Leonard Woolf, who is remembered now, perhaps unfairly, rather
as devoted husband of a famous wife than as editor, publisher and
left-wing political theorist and educator. He was the son of an
eminent Jewish Q.C., one of eleven children who were left in straightened
circumstances when their father died in 1892."
"Three other Cambridge men, all a little older, whose names
have always been connected with Bloomsbury; were Bertrand Russell,
the philosopher, held by most of them to be the most brilliant intellectually
of all; Desmond MaCarthy (like Russell, also an "Apostle"),
who has been justly described as the finest dramatic critic of his
generation; and seeming to appear and disappear like a mole in their
midst, E.M. (Morgan) Forster, the novelist. Duncan Grant, who in
the eyes of the public was to become the quintessential Bloomsbury
artist, was in fact a later arrival, only introduced by his cousin
Lytton Strachey in 1907."
... Thoby Stephen, the elder son of Sir Leslie Stephen, .. had in
his freshman year at Trinity joined the Midnight Society, ... of
which Clive Bell, Lytton Strachey and Leonard Woolf were the leading
lights. Thoby had 2 sisters, Vanessa and Virginia .. Vanessa married
Clive Bell ...(1907) - Thoby died 1906) .. and in 1912 Virginia,
already 30 years old, married Leonard W oolf, who has thrown up
his career in the Colonial Service (in Ceylon) in the hope of making
her his wife. " (P 37)
The war was already in its second year ... Maynard Keynes was working
in the Treasury .... (P 55)
... the Woolfs travelled and led an active social life in the midst
of Virginia's steady literary output. ... In September 1923 they
stayed at Lulworth with Maynard Keynes and the ballet dancer, Lydia
Lopokopva, whom he was to marry in the following year."
" A year later, the lease of 29 Fitzroy Square came to an end.
Virginia and Adrian took the lease on a four-storeyed house in Brunswick
Square (No. 38), and divided it up among themselves and their friends.
Maynard Keynes and Duncan Grant, whose lover he had become, share
the ground floor, Adrian had the second and Virginia the third;
Leonard was now offered a bedroom and sitting-room on the fourth
(P. 28 Lehmann. Virginia Woolf and her world.)
Colin de la Motte-Sherman